Libros y Partituras

The catalogue of the Archivo Histórico de la Unión Musical Española (UME)

Yolanda Acker y Judith Ortega
miércoles, 5 de septiembre de 2001
Archivo histórico de la Unión Musical Española. Partituras, métodos, libretos y libros/Yolanda Acker, M. de los Ángeles Alfonso, Judith Ortega, Belén Pérez Castillo; edición Judith Ortega; introducción Carlos José Gosálvez Lara; Índices: Oliva García Balboa, Alvaro García Estefanía_Madrid: Ediciones y Publicaciones de la Sociedad General de Autores y Editores, 2000. 842 p.; 29,5 cm. ISBN: 80-8048-364-4. Distribuido por Fondo de Cultura Económica
0,0001092 The publication of the catalogue of the Archivo Histórico de la Unión Musical Española (UME) comes as a result of a lengthy cataloguing process dating back to the donation of this immense collection of sheet music in 1992, consisting of close to 20,000 titles. The collection represents one of the most important bodies of printed music in Spain and contains copies of works from as many as 70 different music publishers, which were gradually absorbed by the Casa Dotesio publishing group at the beginning of the century. Casa Dotesio was originally formed in 1900 and went on to become known as Unión Musical Española in 1914, after the company's official constitution in 1914. It continued to remain active until its sale to the Music Sales Group in 1992, when it became known as Unión Musical Ediciones (Madrid), the name under which the group presently operates.The UME collection is held at the Instituto Complutense de Ciencias Musicales (ICCMU), situated at the headquarters of the Spanish Society of Authors and Publishers in central Madrid, and is at the disposal of all researchers and scholars of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Spanish music.The 842-page catalogue is divided into three main sections. In the first, José Gosálvez provides an extremely valuable historical introduction to the UME. His article centres on its formation and evolution, describing the techniques used in the printing and engraving of the music, rate of production, commercial agreements between the publishing company and composers, and evaluating its contribution to the history of Spanish music. Gosálvez's introduction is accompanied by two chronological tables of plate numbers relating to the company's production in Madrid and Barcelona, respectively, allowing every work in the collection to be dated with precision, and a diagram showing the transmission of editorial outputs. This information complements that found in Gosálvez's book La edición musical española hasta 1936 (Madrid, AEDOM, 1995). Discussion of the history of the UME was intentionally reserved for the publication of the present catalogue.The main body of the catalogue consists of 19,852 correlative entries presented in alphabetical order according to the principle composer and arranged in alphabetical order according to title for each composer. Each entry includes data relating to the composer or composers, title, subtitle or genre, the author or authors of the text, adaptor or arranger (where these are applicable), publisher, plate number, details relating to the cover (photographs, lithographs, etc.), contents, notes and a call number. The cataloguing process was initially carried out by Yolanda Acker, María de los Ángeles Alfonso, Belén Pérez Castillo and Judith Ortega, the latter also coordinating the printed edition.The Archivo Histórica de la Unión Musical Española covers a wide range of musical forms and genres, including a very large number of Spanish stage works (operas, zarzuelas, etc. in vocal reductions), transcriptions for band, sextet and orquestina, popular music (couplet, tangos, slows, Boston waltzes, habaneras, etc.), as well as chamber music, works for solo instruments (especially piano, guitar and organ), choral and religious music. Among the most-represented composers in the Archive are: Albéniz, Francisco Alonso, Arrieta, Pedro Astort (alias Clifton Worsley), Barbieri, Cosme José de Benito, Bretón, Rafael Calleja, Chapí, Chueca, Juan Gabriel García Escobar, Gerónimo Gímiez, Granados, Jacinto Guerrero, Sebastián de Iradier, Juan Martínez Abades, Isidoro Hernández, Pascual Marquina, José Padilla, Serrano, Joaquín Taboada, Turina, Joaquín Valverde and Amadeo Vives. Note that the archive also includes some works by non-Spanish classical composers.Finally, the catalogue is accompanied by three indices (onomastic, subjects and titles) which facilitate both punctual and more general searches.Despite its extension, as the third volume in the collection published by the SGAE, the catalogue of the Archivo Histórico de la Unión Musical Española keeps to the format established in the Society's two previously published catalogues: Teatro Lírico, 1. Partituras, Archivo de Madrid, 1994 (by María Encina Cortizo) and Música instrumental y vocal. Partituras y materiales. Archivo sinfónico, 1995 (by Adelaida Muñoz Tuñón, Julio C. Arce Bueno, Javier Suárez-Pajares, Belén Pérez Castillo and María Ángeles Alfonso Rodríguez). It is not only a very useful tool in the study of nineteenth and twentieth-century Spanish music, of interest to both scholars and the general public alike, as indeed are all three catalogues, but its rich and varied contents make it a subject worthy of future study in itself.
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